Cereal plants produce many separate small dry fruits, which we call kernels or grains.
The oldest Cereals are wheat, barley, rice, corn and spelt. Oats and rye are relatively recent additions: they were originally viewed as weeds growing amid crops of wheat and barley in the Middle East. But as cultivation moved north, farmers found that oats and rye actually did better in the colder northern climates.
Modern wheat, rye and corn grow "naked" grains that don't have to be husked before milling; barley, oats and rice do.
The germ and the bran of grains contain most of the fibre, oil and B vitamins. Wheat is unique in that it has a protein in great quantities called "gluten", which is why it has always been used for bread.
Cereals are high in protein, but their protein is incomplete owing to insufficient amounts of lysine which, by lucky happenstance, legumes are high in. That is why mixing grains with beans gives a complete protein meal, even without meat, eggs or dairy.
Literature & Lore
The Greeks had the same myth; they called Ceres "Demeter" and Proserpine "Persephone".
"Remember the days when you let your child have some chocolate if he finished his Cereal? Now, chocolate is one of the Cereals." -- Robert Orben (American writer, 1927 - )
CerealsCereals; Corn Flakes; Granola; Instant Oats; Milo Cereal; Oats; Quick Oats; Rice Krispies
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