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Coronation Chicken



Coronation Chicken is a prepared chicken dish served cold consisting of poached chicken in a sauce of mayonnaise, cream, tomato paste, lemon juice, red wine, apricot pieces and curry spices.

It is bright yellow from the curry powder.

Many more elaborate versions have emerged over the years, adding almonds, raisins and even continentalizing it by using crème fraîche and aïoli.

Though it is somewhat out of fashion now, it has been very popular as a sandwich filler. You can buy tubs of Coronation Chicken already made up at supermarkets to be used as a filling in sandwiches. Grocery stores even sell their own brands of it.

For decades, Coronation Chicken was a popular British summer salad.

Cooking Tips

Using prepared curry powder is more authentic than making up your own curry powder, as when the recipe was created (see history), curry powder would have been more readily available than the individual constituent spices to make it up.

In place of the apricots, you can use apricot preserves, apricot jam, or chutney. Gordon Brown opts for mango.

Best served room temperature, rather than completely cold from the fridge.



History Notes

Coronation Chicken was created specially for Queen Elizabeth II's coronation lunch in 1953. The Minister of Works approved the recipe, put forward by Constance Spry [1], for inclusion on the lunch menu. On that day, it was served to the Queen and all the foreign dignitaries, accompanied by a rice salad. [2]


The recipe was published in advance of the day in newspapers and magazines, so that it could be made and served by ordinary people at their street parties throughout Britain on the Coronation Day.

Some feel that Constance Spry didn't actually invent the recipe; that it was instead her business partner, Rosemary Hume. Still others feel that it was the students at Hume and Spry's Cordon Bleu cooking school who came up with it. In any event, it was the students who prepared it for the Queen's lunch that day in 1953 and it was probably a new treatment of older versions of chicken salad. The most likely candidate is Jubilee Chicken, chicken in mayonnaise and curry, made for the Silver Jubilee of George V in 1935.

The recipe didn't appear in a cookbook until 1956 -- "The Constance Spry Cookery Book." It proved popular with all classes in England, as it made a great buffet dish that could be prepared in advance. For convenience of serving, Spry recommended an oblong dish, with the chicken at one end, and the rice salad at the other.

It was so popular as a sandwich filler that at one point, even the upscale sandwich chain "Pret A Manger " offered it up until about 2005.
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[1] Spry also managed the flower arrangements at Westminster Abbey and along the processional route that day.

[2] The rice salad was made of rice, garden peas, diced raw cucumber, and a chopped assortment of herbs, mixed in French dressing.

Literature & Lore

“One would not venture to serve, to a large number of guests of varying and unknown tastes, a curry dish in the generally accepted sense of this term. I doubt whether many of the 300-odd guests at the coronation luncheon detected this ingredient [curry powder] in a chicken dish which was distinguished mainly by a delicate and nutlike flavour in the sauce.” -- Constance Spry. The Constance Spry Cookery Book. 1956.

Sources

Clay, Xanthe. Best British Recipes: Coronation Chicken. London: Daily Telegraph. 16 June 2010.

See also:

Meat Dishes

Agneau au Beurre; Aussie Meat Pies; Beef Dishes; Beef Wellington; Bouchées à la Périgourdine; Bouchées à la Reine; Cantonese Pressed Duck; Carne Adovada; Carne Asada; Chicken Fried Steak; Chop Suey; Coronation Chicken; Cottage Pie; Currywurst; Devils On Horseback; Duck à l'Orange; Faggots; Fricassée de Porc à la Genevoise; Fritto Misto; Garbage Plate; Golden Jubilee Chicken; Gremolata; Ground Meat Dishes; Lincolnshire Stuffed Chine; Meat Dishes; Mock Duck; Northumbrian Duck; Peking Duck; Pigs-in-a-Blanket; Pinnekjøtt; Pot-En-Pot Acadien; Pressed Duck; Pulled Pork; Quails à la Diane; Spiedies; Steak Diane; Sushi del Chianti; Teriyaki; Tiger Meat; Tonkatsu; Turducken; TV Dinners; Ulster Fry; White Meat and Gravy; Wiener Schnitzel; Woodcock à la Diane; Xaccuti; XimXim; Yosenabe

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Also called:

Poulet Reine Elizabeth (French)

Citation

Oulton, Randal. "Coronation Chicken." CooksInfo.com. Published 08 September 2005; revised 26 June 2012. Web. Accessed 11/22/2017. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/coronation-chicken>.

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Bon mots

"Pounding fragrant things -- particularly garlic, basil, parsley -- is a tremendous antidote to depression. But it applies also to juniper berries, coriander seeds and the grilled fruits of the chili pepper. Pounding these things produces an alteration in one's being -- from sighing with fatigue to inhaling with pleasure. The cheering effects of herbs and alliums cannot be too often reiterated. Virgil's appetite was probably improved equally by pounding garlic as by eating it."

-- Patience Gray (English food writer. 31 October 1917 - 10 March 2005)

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