Cream of Wheat
Cream of Wheat® is the brand name of a farina-based cereal. It is owned by Nabisco and Kraft.
It is mixed with water and milk, then cooked up to eat. It will have a texture finer than grits.
It is not pure farina, but it is mostly farina.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) refers to it as an "instant farina wheat cereal", made from wheat whose bran and germ has been substantially removed. The branded cereal may contain added sodium, thickeners, emulsifiers, preservatives and flavours.
Note that it is not a whole-grain cereal -- "wheat whose bran and germ" have been removed.
The closest thing in the UK is actually pure Farina.
Kraft makes many different kinds, some quicker cooking, some flavoured, some enriched with wheat germ.
Some smaller producers are now making a whole-grain cereal labelled "Cream of Wheat." It's not clear if they are actually allowed to use that wording.
Fans will cook up extra on purpose, packing the extra in loaf-shaped dishes and letting it set in the fridge overnight, then frying slices up the next morning for breakfast.
It also has its detractors; some call it "wall-paper paste."
To cook up Cream of Wheat, you mix it with a liquid (water or milk) in a ratio of about 5 parts liquid to 1 part cereal. Compare this to the ratio for cooking pure farina, 4 parts liquid to 1 part farina. Cream of Wheat needs more liquid owing to other things added to the cereal.
|1 serving||2 servings||3 servings|
|Water or milk||1 1/4 cups||2 cups||4 cups|
|Cream of Wheat||3 tbsp||1/3 cup||3/4 cup|
|Salt (optional)||1/8 tsp||1/4 tsp||1/2 tsp|
When making it in a pot on top the stove, pour Cream of Wheat cereal into the boiling water in a steady, slow stream, stirring all the while. Keep stirring until thickened enough to serve, which will take about 2 minutes.
In a microwave, mix all ingredients first. Zap for 1 minute, stir. Zap for up to another 2 minutes, stirring every half minute.
You can use Cream of Wheat in making many other things, such as dumplings, pancakes, etc.
Production was moved to Minneapolis in 1897. It was bought by Nabisco in 1961, and then later became part of the line up of Kraft products in 2000.
Cream of Wheat first took 15 minutes to cook up. By 1939, the cooking time had been reduced to 5 minutes; By 1997, it had been reduced to 2 1/2 minutes.
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-- Ferdinand Point (French chef and owner of La Pyramide restaurant in Paris. 1897 - 1955)