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Farine de Blé Type 45

This is a category of French white flours that are made from just the endosperm of the grain (in French, this is called "l'amande du grain".)

Flours in this category are very smooth and fine, and will mix with a liquid without producing almost any lumps.

As a general summary, this type of flour includes those flours for cakes, crêpes, pastries, sauces and waffles.

In this category, the following flours are considered "farines supérieures" or "de luxe" ("farines supérieures" are always Type 45 flours.)

Farine de gruau

This is the finest wheat flour, made from soft wheat with 11% gluten. It can be used for raised pastry doughs, brioches, flaky pastries, sweet rolls, etc. It rises well.

Farine tamisée

Tamisée means "sifted." It is also referred to as "fluide" or "extra-fluide." It is good for thickening sauces and making crêpes.

Farine à gâteaux

Cake flour. Can be used for cakes, brownies, pizzas, etc.

Farine avec poudre levante

This is self-rising flour, meaning it has baking powder in it. Can be used for cakes, brownies, pizzas, etc.

Farine pâtissière

Pastry flour. It is somewhat higher in gluten than cake flour. Rises well.


You can substitute Type 55 or all-purpose flour or plain flour, just sift well. Many French usually make an effort to buy a Type 45, though, for brioche and flaky pastry.

Nutrition Facts
Per 100 g (3 1/2 oz). Farine tamisée
10.5 g

French Flours

Broad Bean Flour; Farine de Blé Type 110; Farine de Blé Type 150; Farine de Blé Type 45; Farine de Blé Type 55; Farine de Blé Type 65; Farine de Blé Type 80; Farine de Froment; Farine Levain; French Flours; Méteil

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Also called:

Farine T45


Oulton, Randal. "Farine de Blé Type 45." CooksInfo.com. Published 25 August 2004; revised 04 January 2007. Web. Accessed 10/23/2016. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/farine-de-ble-type-45>.

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