© Denzil Green
Every food writer seems to feel it is de rigeur now to micro-manage you in your kitchen, right down to telling you to reach for fresh oregano. Reach for the dried instead and you can almost feel the thwack of the ruler on the back of your hand. At the same time, they lecture you to buy or use only what is in season locally. Occasionally, they will remember that olives are never actually in season in New York or London, but when it comes to Herbs, there's always a disconnect. What are the chances of clipping a spring of fresh parsley from your backyard when it's February in Chicago and everything is under 4 feet of snow?
Leaving aside the usual dash to the store for an expensive bunch of fresh Herbs, of which of course you will use one sprig and then let the rest moulder away in your fridge, these are the ways that you can always have Herbs on hand.
- Live in a very temperate climate where a patch of Herbs will grow year round outside. Three huzzahs for you if you're one of these lucky people;
- Have a really green thumb that allows you to keep Herbs alive inside the house without small spider mites infesting them all. We'll allow three and a half huzzahs for that, as that's a real skill;
- Buy frozen Herbs that come in packages about the size of a gelatin box; you gouge or scrape off what you need;
- Buy fresh Herbs at the store, use what you need, and freeze the rest in ice cube trays before they moulder into a green goo on the shelf of your fridge;
- Buy Herbs in tubes. Schwartz is now marketing these in the UK; you can get them at Tesco's, Sainbury's, Co-op, Somerfield and probably other stores, too. In Canada, the same tubes are marketed under the McCormick name. The tubes contain finely-chopped Herbs preserved in a thick oil paste. You just squirt out how much you need, and put the rest of the tube back in the fridge. So far, you can get basil, parsley and coriander in tubes (as well as some mixed-Herb blends);
- Use dried Herbs.
When harvesting fresh Herbs, only do it from mature plants that have had time to settle in. Leaves are at their most flavourful before the afternoon sun has been pounding down on them. (Useless, advice, granted, given that most of us get home from work at the end of the afternoon.) The higher up the leaves are on a stalk, the younger they are and the more flavour they will have. Harvest those; that will also encourage more growth on the plant.
Shake each stalk that you clipped to dislodge any small insects that you might not see. Pick off any dead leaves, then wash in cold water. If you are harvesting them with a view to making dried Herbs, dry them very well so that mould doesn't set in. If you are going to chop them up and toss them into a potato salad right away, then don't sweat much more than a quick shake over the sink to remove excess water.
If you plan on using the Herbs up in a week or two, chop them up, cover with olive oil and refrigerate until needed. Don't try to store them much longer than that with just olive oil on them, as it won't be acidic enough to really preserve them for any length of time.
Freezing Herbs: if you don't have a regular or reliable source of fresh Herbs, buy them when you can and freeze them. If they're packaged well, put the whole pack in the freezer; when you want some Herb, just quickly crumble the desired amount in/on your food. If they're not packaged, chop first (saves you time later) then pack in ice cube trays, cover with water, freeze, then pop the Herb cubes out into a freezer bag. Instead of water, you can use vinegar or white wine.
You can mix leftover fresh Herbs into some creamed butter, and freeze in small pats wrapped in plastic wrap or in small tubs. Instant Herb butter, without having to dash out to the stores when you least have the time.
You can also dry them (see entry on Dried Herbs.)
Literature & Lore
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HerbsAngelica; Angostura Bark; Bay Leaf; Borage; Chamomile; Chervil; Chives; Comfrey; Curry Leaves; Dill; Dried Herbs; Epazote; Filé; Folium Indicum; Garlic Greens; Green Garlic; Gruit; Herbes Salées; Herbs; Hops; Jacob's Ladder; Lady's Bedstraw; Lavender; Loroco; Lovage; Marjoram; Mexican Tarragon; Mint; Mugwort Powder; Oregano; Pennywort; Potherbs; Rolling Mincer; Rosemary; Rue; Sachet Bags; Sage; Salad Burnet; Sarsaparilla; Sassafrass; Savoury; Screw Pine Leaves; Shiso Leaves; Silphium; Sorrel; Stevia; Sweet Cicely; Tarragon; Thyme; Trefoil; Valerian; Wild Garlic; Winter Purslane; Wormwood; Yarrow; Yomogi
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-- Clementine Paddleford (American food writer. 27 September 1898 - 13 November 1967)