© Denzil Green
Lancashire Cheese is a white, firm but crumbly cheese with a tang to it. It may be sold young, or aged.
To make Lancashire Cheese, starter and rennet is added to milk. When the milk has curdled, the curds are cut, then the whey is drained off, and the curd is pressed until dry. The curd is let sit overnight, then chopped up, and fresh curd from that new, second day is added, mixed in and it is all salted. Some producers only mix first day curd and second day curd on the third day. The cheese is then pressed for two days, bandaged, waxed, or buttered, and let mature.
Young Lancashire CheeseYoung Lancashire Cheese is known also as "Creamy Lancashire", because it is moist and creamy. It is crumbly and has a mild tang to its taste.
It is aged for a few months.
Aged LancashireAged Lancashire is usually aged at least six months. This makes it firmer, and gives it a stronger flavour. For this reason, it is also known as "Tasty Lancashire.
Farmhouse LancashireFarmhouse Lancashire is made from unpasteurized cow's milk. The milk may from the maker's own herd, or from milk purchased from neighbouring farms. As with regular Lancashire, curd is added to curd made the previous day. It is then drained, salted, pressed, and bound in cloth that is buttered to seal it for better aging. It is aged 6 to 12 months.
The cheese is cream-coloured with a soft flavour and crumbly texture.
The cheese was first made in 1913. By 1939, there were 202 makers of it. It almost died out during World War II, though, when owing to rationing production of anything but "National Cheddar" was not allowed. As of 2004, there were only 3 makers left, one of whom is Shorrocks in Goosnargh, Lancashire. The challenge they are now facing is from Health Officials, who are uneasy about anything to do with unpasteurized milk.
See "Farmhouse Cheese" for a fuller explanation of the term.
Lancashire is a good melting cheese. It's great for cauliflower cheese, and it's also many people's preferred classic cheese for "cheese on toast": in Lancashire, it's often referred to as "toaster" cheese.
When heated, the cheese stays soft and won't go rubbery.
Lancashire Cheese used to be made only in Lancashire, England. Now it is mostly made outside the county. It also used to be made from unpasteurized milk, but now only the Farmhouse versions are made from unpasteurized.
Today most Lancashire Cheese is mass produced to meet the demand.
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