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Lavender


Lavender

Lavender
© Denzil Green


Lavender is an herb with long, narrow leaves and small purple flowers that grows in clusters on spikes. Both the leaves and flowers are heavily scented. Lavender can be grown from seeds and cuttings. Once settled in, it can grow up to 3 feet tall (1 metre) and is a perennial. It will also self-seed.

Lavender can be used fresh or dried in both sweet and savoury dishes. Don't use the dried stuff that comes in potpourri; that's not edible because it's been treated with chemicals.

Dried Lavender is used in Herbes de Provence. It is often sold as a "tea", so look for it as a tea if you can't find it under herbs.

People tend to be very surprised when you talk about cooking with Lavender. Lavender is now mostly used in cooking in France, particularly in Provence, and in Middle Eastern cooking.

Cooking Tips

Use sparingly; used in too great a quantity Lavender can give a slightly bitter taste.

If you are going to cook with the flowers, it's best to cut them just before the buds fully blossom -- the flavourful oil in them will be at its highest then.

Lavender is sometimes used to infuse milk for custards and crème brulée. Often a sprig of lavender is put on top of a pot of preserves such as Apricot before the jar is sealed for flavour.

1 teaspoon of dried Lavender can be used per 1 cup (8 oz / 250 ml) of heavy cream before whipping, or add 1 teaspoon to liquid that you are poaching fruit in.

Substitutes

Rosemary



Storage Hints

Dries well.


History Notes

Lavender is native to the Mediterranean. In addition to using Lavender as a medicine, Greeks used it to flavour wine and vinegar.


Lavender may already have been brought to Britain by the time the Romans arrived -- there's no clear record. If Lavender wasn't there, they would have brought it, as they used it and introduced it throughout Europe. The Romans also used it for flavouring wine.

It was used as an herb in cooking in England up until Tudor times.

Literature & Lore

English Lavender

English Lavender
- © Denzil Green

"Here's flowers for you;

Hot Lavender, mints, savoury, marjoram;
The marigold, that goes to bed wi' the sun
And with him rises weeping: these are flowers
Of middle summer, and I think they are given
To men of middle age."

-- Perdita. The Winter's Tale. Act IV, Scene 4. Shakespeare.



"Lavender's blue,
dilly dilly,
Lavender's green,
When I am king,
dilly dilly,
You shall be queen."

-- (English nursery rhyme).


It is an oft-repeated myth that Romans would use Lavender in their baths. This does not even begin to make sense when you connect it with the fact that though punctilious in their bathing, Romans went to public baths.

Language Notes

The English word "Lavender" comes from the Latin word, "lavare", to wash. Lavender was used as a medicine. One use was to wash wounds with Lavender washes (done as late as the First World War).


Lavandula stoechas is Spanish Lavender; Lavandula dentata is French Lavender; Lavandula angustifolia is English Lavender, of which one well known variety is called "Munstead".

See also:

Herbs

Angelica; Angostura Bark; Bay Leaf; Borage; Chamomile; Chervil; Chives; Comfrey; Curry Leaves; Dill; Dried Herbs; Epazote; Filé; Folium Indicum; Garlic Greens; Green Garlic; Gruit; Herbes Salées; Herbs; Hops; Jacob's Ladder; Lady's Bedstraw; Lavender; Loroco; Lovage; Marjoram; Mexican Tarragon; Mint; Mugwort Powder; Oregano; Pennywort; Potherbs; Rolling Mincer; Rosemary; Rue; Sachet Bags; Sage; Salad Burnet; Sarsaparilla; Sassafrass; Savoury; Screw Pine Leaves; Shiso Leaves; Silphium; Sorrel; Stevia; Sweet Cicely; Tarragon; Thyme; Trefoil; Valerian; Wild Garlic; Winter Purslane; Wormwood; Yarrow; Yomogi

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Also called:

Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula dentata, Lavandula stoechas (Scientific Name); Lavande (French); Lavendel (German); Lavanda (Italian); Lavanda (Spanish); Lavenda (Portuguese)

Citation

Oulton, Randal. "Lavender." CooksInfo.com. Published 03 August 2002; revised 23 May 2009. Web. Accessed 12/15/2017. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/lavender>.

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