© Denzil Green
Lima Beans are large, flat beans that grow on a perennial plant. Most lima beans are white, turning to a pale green when cooked. Other varieties vary in colour; one variety known as the "Christmas" variety is speckled. Heritage varieties tend to stay white when cooked.
Lima beans are available generally in a large size (sometimes called "potato") and a small size called "Baby Lima Beans", which are about half the size.
Depending on where you are, lima beans can be obtained fresh, frozen or dried. When buying fresh, choose pods that appear to have plump beans inside.
Lima beans have a starchy, grainy texture which is quite different from many other beans. Some people dislike the beans for this texture; others like it, calling it "meaty."
Fordhook Lima BeansThese are very large, pale green lima beans, in the "potato" class because of their size. Some people who won't touch regular lima beans will eat these, because they are more flavourful. This is the variety that Lima Bean lovers crave.
Baby Lima Beans (aka Sieva)These aren't immature lima beans, but rather a variety of pale green Lima Bean that only grows to about half the size of "potato" size Lima Beans.
Butter BeansDried Limas Beans are sometimes called "Butter Beans."
Simmer dried lima beans in water on the stove for about 2 hours, or pre-soak overnight and cook for one hour.
As for all beans, you can cook to al dente for salads, or to very soft for soups and baked bean dishes.
To cook dried lima beans in a pressure cooker, cook in enough water to cover all the beans, along with a teaspoon of oil.
Pressure cooker times for dried lima beans:
Unsoaked al dente - 20 minutes;
Unsoaked soft - 25 minutes;
Soaked al dente - 10 minutes;
Soaked soft - 15 minutes.
Lima beans purée and mash well.
Blanching times for freezing fresh lima beans:
- Small lima beans: 2 minutes
- Medium lima beans: 3 minutes
- Large lima beans: 4 minutes
Still, some recommend to cook uncovered; others recommend to discard the cooking water. Others say this is a case of vastly unnecessary caution, given the quantity of pressure cooker lima bean and hambone soup consumed every year in the American south, incident-free.
1/2 pound dried lima beans = 225g = 1 cup dried = 2 1/2 cups boiled
1 cup boiled, drained = 170g = 6 oz
1 15oz / 420g tin, drained = 1 1/2 cups / 9 oz / 250g cooked, drained lima beans
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-- Carl Edward Sagan (American astronomer. 9 November 1934 – 20 December 1996)