> > >

Malic Acid



Malic Acid is found naturally in many unripe fruits, such as unripe grapes and tomatoes.

It is what gives green apples and sour cherries a sour, tart taste.

It is used on Salt & Vinegar flavored potato chips, and in many artificially fruit-flavoured drinks and baked goods.

It is more sour than citric acid.

Malolactic fermentation converts Malic Acid to lactic acid.



History Notes

Malic Acid was first isolated in 1785. The Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele crystallized it from apple juice. He was also the first to isolate citric acid, in 1784.

Language Notes

E number E296. The molecular formula is HO2CCH2CHOHCO2H.


"Malic" comes from the Latin word for apple, "malum."

See also:

Technical Terms

À la Cooking Terms List; Accolade; Acetic Acid; Adobado; Air-Layered; Alliumophobia; Alpha Amylase; Alum; Alveograph; Anodised Aluminium; Ascorbic Acid; Bake Sales; Bavarian Beer Purity Laws; Best Before Dates; Bletting; Bread Improvers; Buffets; Butterfat; Butyric Acid; Caramelization; Carbonic Acid; Carnauba Wax; Cheese Technical Terms; Chocolate Bloom; Citric Acid; Collops; Corm; Cracker Barrel; Crèmes; Cucina Casalinga; Cultivar; Deipnophobia; Dioecious Plants; Docker Holes; Drupes; Du Jour; Dunking; Etiolation; EU Designations; F1; Firkin; Fish Worms; French Revolutionary Calendar; Gâte-sauce; Gomme Arabique; Gueridon Service; Hock Locks; Hybrid; Invaiatura; Kosher; Lachanophobia; Lime (Chemical); Listeria; Lye; Mageirocophobia; Maillard Reaction; Malic Acid; Measurements; Open Pollinated; Organic Food; Ostraconophobia; Oxalic Acid; Pack Date; Pasteurization; Pavé; Penicillium Glaucum; Penicillium Roqueforti; Phosphoric Acid; Pickling Lime; Plant Variety Protection; Pome; Potassium Nitrite; Potluck Suppers; Punnet; Quinine; Scald (Fruit); Scoville Units; Sell-By Dates; Silicon Dioxide; Silicon Dioxide; Slabs; Smoking Point; Sodium Nitrate; Sodium Nitrite; Stufatura; Subacid; Sweet-and-Sour; Technical Terms; Umami; Unsaturated Fat; Use-By Dates; Ware Potatoes; Yatai; Ye Shi; Yearling

Please share this information with your friends. They may love it.

Also called:

E296; Acide malique (French)

Citation

Oulton, Randal. "Malic Acid." CooksInfo.com. Published 21 September 2010; revised 20 September 2010. Web. Accessed 12/11/2017. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/malic-acid>.

© Copyright 2017. All rights reserved and enforced. You are welcome to cite CooksInfo.com as a reference, but no direct copying and republishing is allowed.

You may also like:

Comments