Stargazey Pie is a fish pie made in Mousehole, West Cornwall, England, near Penzance.
The pie has a top crust. The heads of the fish (pilchards) are left on, and the fish placed in the pie so that their heads poke through holes in the crust, as though they are gazing up at the stars. One of the practical reasons for leaving the heads on is so that the juices and oil in the heads can drain back into the pie. You don't eat the heads or tails of the fish in the pie; you just pick them out and discard them.
Some versions of the pie decorate the top of the pie with piecrust stars as well.
Occasionally, the top crust may be mashed potato instead of a pastry crust.
It is made for special occasions, and usually served with a sour cream sauce.
Children or anyone these days might be repelled by the sight of a single fish head, never mind a whole herd of them staring up at you. This pie, though, dates from a time were pilchards were so abundant off the coast of Cornwall that they were even hung whole on clotheslines. Fish heads would have been something you saw all the time. They used to be the biggest catch off the coast of Cornwall, but stocks declined at the start of the 1900s.
"Mousehole" is pronounced "Mowzel":
"History records that [the Spanish] ransacked Mousehole, but not whether they learned the correct pronunciation of the hapless village: 'Mouzul.'" Wade, Alex. The Walk File: Mousehole, Cornwall. London: Financial Times. 10 Sept 2010.
"From Fowey (pronounced Foy) to Mousehole (pronounced Mow-zul), there are some fairly tricky tongue twisters dotted across the region." ((Wood, Alex. Watch people try to pronounce Devon and Cornwall's most difficult place names. Plymouth, England: The Herald. 8 September 2016.))
Mousehole (pronounced "Mowzel") is one of Cornwall's most picturesque hamlets..." ((Cornwall Online. Accessed December 2016 at http://www.cornwall-online.co.uk/westcornwall/mousehole.htm))
Fish and Seafood DishesAhtapot Salatasi; Angels on Horseback; Bouchées à l'Armoricaine; Bouchées à la Bénédictine; Cabbie Claw; Chikuwa; Crappit Heids; Dublin Lawyer; Fish and Chips; Fish and Seafood Dishes; Homard à l'Américaine; Kamaboko; Kanikama Crab Sticks; Krappin and Stap; Lobster Newberg; Oysters Kilpatrick; Oysters Rockefeller; Paella; Pot-en-Pot Québecois; Poutine; Sardeles Pastes; Shrimp Cocktail; Squid Balls; Stargazey Pie; Tekka-Don; Yuzu Gama
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-- Ludwig Bemelmans (American author. 27 April 1898 - 1 October 1962)