> > > >


Caroenum is a Roman liquid sweetener made by simmering grape must until it has been reduced by 1/3 of its original volume.

Nowadays, substitutes are made in various ways.

You may wish to compare Defritum, Caroenum and Sapa.


Reduce 500 ml of wine to 200ml. Add 2 tbsp honey, and salt to taste. Note: honey is not original to the manufacture of this ingredient. It's used to compensate for having started with wine, which is less sweet than must.

See also:

Grape Syrup

Caroenum; Defritum; Grape Syrup; Passum; Sapa; Wine Syrup

Please share this information with your friends. They may love it.


Oulton, Randal. "Caroenum." CooksInfo.com. Published 23 April 2005; revised 23 August 2007. Web. Accessed 03/18/2018. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/caroenum>.

© Copyright 2018. All rights reserved and enforced. You are welcome to cite CooksInfo.com as a reference, but no direct copying and republishing is allowed.