There are two kinds. The light kind (called “blanco”) is made from green sugar cane. A dark kind (called “oscuro”) is made from purple sugar cane.
The cone size varies from 1 cm, weighing around 20 g (1 inch tall, around 3/4 oz) to 7 cm tall, weighing around 250 g (3 inches, around 9 oz).
You need to grate the sugar off the cones with a knife or grater.
Per 7 – 9 oz (250g) weight of Piloncillo, 1 cup (6 oz/170g) Dark Brown Sugar and 2 teaspoons of Molasses.
Store in sealed container indefinitely.
Piloncillo basically means small pylon, and that’s what the cones look like. A Mexican word for this raw brown sugar, “panocha”, is also considered a vulgar word for the female private parts.