The plant delivers an early harvest.
Chenango Potatoes were known as early as 1830 in Maine:
EXPERIMENTS IN PLANTING POTATOES: Mr Fessenden — The following experiment with regard to the expediency of planting potatoes, cut or whole, were made by B. Nason, of Augusta, Maine, a very intelligent, practical farmer. They are at your disposal, for insert in the New England Farmer, if you think proper; Yours, etc, Keene, JV. H. Oct. 19, 1830.
20 Chenango Potatoes, weighing 6 lbs. planted whole, produced 97 lbs.
20 Chenango Potatoes, weighing 6 lbs. in half 99 lbs.
20 Chenango Potatoes, weighing 6 lbs. the middle, and butts; tops 32 1/2, middle 30 1/2, butts 35, total 98 lbs.
20 Chenango Potatoes, weighing 6 lbs. eyes taken out, 120 lbs.
60 small Chenango Potatoes, weighing 6 lbs, planted whole, 105 lbs.
— The New England farmer (Volume v.9 1830-31), Page 106.
There’s another variety, also named Chenango Potatoes. These were developed in 1946 by Cornell University in Ithaca, New York from a cross between two potatoes referred to as “S46110” and “New York BXS/1 Solanum demissum.”
Named after Chenango County in New York State.