The smallest of all quails, they fit into the palm of your hand.
The male will be about 4 ½ inches (12 cm) long; the female about 5 inches (13 cm) long. Both are plump, with white throats, but the male has black stripes on his throat as well. The male has brown and blue flecks on his back; the female has brown and white. They have black beaks and brown eyes. They can be territorial in small spaces.
There are about 10 subspecies.
It takes 16 to 18 days for the eggs to hatch. The birds are the size of a bumble been when born, but are very energetic none-the-less and will tear about.
They can easily drown in their water dishes.
They are often kept as ornamental birds in aviaries.