Colby cheese is an American cheese somewhat like a cheddar, but with a milder taste, and a more elastic, moister texture.
Cottage cheese is an unaged, “fresh” soft white curd-type cheese made from skim milk. It can be eaten as is, or seasoned or flavoured, or used as an ingredient in cooking.
Oaxaca cheese is a Mexican soft cheese formed into braided balls. It is the most usual cheese in Mexico for making quesadillas with.
Sweet curd cottage cheese is similar to regular cottage cheese, but has larger curds and less tang. It can be used as an ingredient in cooking, but is often used as is on salad plates, etc.
Washed-curd cheeses are those whose curds are washed before being salted. The washing takes away lactose sugar that the bacteria could change into acid; it also allows the curds to absorb some water.