© Denzil Green
Goat's Milk has a slightly sweet and salty taste to it. It can even taste particularly funny if the female goats have been eating onions, or they have been near a male goat or can smell one nearby.
Unlike cows, goats don't produce milk year round, only at the start of summer. Still, in proportion to their body weight, goats produce five times more milk than cows, and four times more than sheep. A goat can yield on average 2.5 to 3 litres of day a milk. 
Goat's Milk doesn't need to be homogenized, as does cow's milk, because the fat in it won't cluster together and rise to the top as cream, as would happen with cow's milk. Though it's about 10% higher in fat than cow's milk, it doesn't contain "agglutinin", as cow's milk does. Without the agglutinin, the fat does not cluster together as easily into globules. As far as making cheese goes, this means it forms a softer, less dense curd. Goat's Milk also has more short-chain fatty acids than cow's milk, making for smaller milk particles that are easier to digest.
When making cheese, Goat's Milk curdles twice as fast as cow's milk.
You can buy Goat's Milk fresh, instant powdered, evaporated or as sterilized UHT milk in cardboard cartons. Goat's Milk sometimes takes on a carmelized taste when heat treated, as happens with evaporated or UHT treated versions, so those forms are best saved for more robust cooking or baking.
In North America and Britain, Goat's Milk was only really available in health food stores up until recently, but is now finding a small bit of shelf space in some supermarket chillers.
Some studies are showing, however, that people who are allergic to cow's milk will probably be just as allergic to Goat's Milk. 93 to 98% of children who are allergic to cow's milk were found to be also allergic to milk from goats and sheep . Proponents of Goat's Milk disagree with the studies.
Some people advocate feeding Goat's Milk to infants instead of cow's milk. However, because it's lower in folic acid than cow's milk (only has about 1/10 of the folic acid that cow's milk does), folic acid supplements may be needed for someone feeding it to an infant in place of cow's milk. In fact, as of 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics is still advising against making it a steady diet for infants. Some commercial Goat's Milk packaging will say on it that folic acid has been added to bring it up to the levels of cow's milk.
 Matthias Bessler et al, Internet Symposium on Food Allergens 4(2): 119-24 (2002).
 DeLaval milestones. DeLaval Coporate site. Web. Retrieved February 2010 from http://www.delaval.com/About_DeLaval/TheCompany/History/DeLaval_milestones.htm
Reflections: A history of DeLaval. DeLaval International AB. 2005. Page 52
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