DOC certified food has to be produced in a certain area using certain methods and meeting certain standards for that particular product.
There are two DOC levels:
- DOC: Denominazione di Origine Controllata
- DOCG: Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita
The DOCG is a higher designation, subject to higher regulation and standards. It came about because the original DOC level had become so discredited owing to fraud and producers evading their own rules, that the government had to create the higher level, “DOCG — Denominazione di origine controllata garantita.” Roughly translated into English, it means “honestly, you can trust this one.”