In English, the word "Juice" is largely reserved for the liquid extracted from vegetables or fruit. The US Food and Drug Administration, for instance, defines it as "aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from one or more fruits or vegetables."
In French and Italian, Juice can also be the "Juices" from something from the animal kingdom. The French word "jus" and the Italian word "succo" for instance, can be used to mean the Juices (unthickened) from a piece of meat.
When fruit Juice is made commercially, they really do try to pick the best fruit for it. Damaged fruit could have mould or bacteria that would spoil the whole batch of Juice, and unripe fruit would be bitter and not yield as much Juice.
Thick skinned fruits are usually halved first, others such as apples are ground, others are crushed (grapes and berries.) Fruit is often gently heated first before pressing so that even more Juice will flow. Mechanical presses are used to press the Juice out. A valuable by-product of pressing citrus fruit is the oil from the peel.
In Canada, New Zealand and the UK, anything labelled "Pure Fruit Juice" must be just that -- 100% Juice. In Australia, to be called "pure", it needs to have only 90% fruit Juice in it. In Canada, in order to use the word Juice in the name of the product, as in "Fruit Juice Drink", the Juice content must be 25% or greater. That's not to say that fruit drinks in Canada can't contain less -- in Canada, there is no legal minimum, as there is in other countries -- they just can't use Juice in their name.
In America and Canada, unpasteurized Juices must be labelled as such.
Juices made of mixed Juices, as long as everything in the mixture is Juice, can still be called a pure Juice.
A 355ml / 12 oz by weight can of frozen Juice concentrate that calls for 3 cans of water will make approx 48 oz / 6 cups / 1.4 litres of Juice.
Canned and bottled Juices were all you could get until the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1940s, as part of the war effort, American researchers developed frozen concentrate. By the 1950s, the Juice market exploded, with orange Juice leading the way.
JuiceAguamiel; Apple Juice; Bug Juice; Cranberry Juice; Frozen Orange Juice Concentrate; Fruit Drink; Grape Juice; Juice Apples; Juice; Lemon Juice; Lime Juice; Mock Orange Juice; Nectars; Olive Juice; Orange Juice; Pickle Juice; Pineapple Juice; Pomegranate Juice; Sparkling Juices; Tomato Juice; V8 Juice; Yuzu Juice
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