Squacquerone is an Italian fresh cream cheese with a tangy taste.
It is very white, and soft, fluffy and spreadable. There is no rind.
It is very perishable; it has a shelf life of only 4 to 5 days refrigerated.
Squacquerone is made year round from whole pasteurized cow milk.
The milk is heated to 98 to 100 F (37 - 38 C) to pasteurize it, then cooled down a bit. Starter culture is added, let rest, then rennet is added to and allowed to curdle the milk for 20 to 25 minutes. The curd and whey is poured into moulds to drain, where it is let stand at 68 to 86 F (20 to 30 C) for 12 hours. The moulds are turned several times during this.
The cheeses are then submerged in brine for 2 hours.
Each cheese will weigh between 2 1/4 and 6 1/2 pounds (1 and 3 kg.) It is made and sold in various shapes: cylinders, low flat circles, or tubs. The cheese not sold in tubs is sold wrapped in parchment paper.
Squacquerone Cheese is popular particularly in Emilia Romagna and the Marche areas of Italy.
Makers of the cheese are seeking (as of 2006) some form of European recognition and protection for their product.
Squacquerone Cheese melts easily and is good as a filling for pasta, breads, and in desserts.
Mix 6 oz (175 g) of cream cheese with 1 tablespoon of creme fraiche, 2 tablespoons of buttermilk, 3 tablespoons of yoghurt and juice from 1 lemon. Mix, let stand in fridge for 1 to 3 days; use up within 6 days after that.
The fat content of Squacquerone Cheese ranges from 46 to 55%.
Squacquerone Cheese should be refrigerated and used up within 3 to 5 days.
One of the earliest written mentions of Squacquerone Cheese occurred in February 1800. A Cardinal Bellisomi was in Venice at the time, and wrote asking for some to be brought there for him.
The name comes from "squagliare", meaning "to melt". It is called "Squaquarò" by the locals and is also referred to as "Squacquerone di Romagna."
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