In English, the word “juice” is largely reserved for the liquid extracted from vegetables or fruit. The US Food and Drug Administration, for instance, defines it as “aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from one or more fruits or vegetables.”
In French and Italian, juice can also be the “juices” from something from the animal kingdom. The French word “jus” and the Italian word “succo” for instance, can be used to mean the juices (unthickened) from a piece of meat.
When fruit juice is made commercially, they really do try to pick the best fruit for it. Damaged fruit could have mould or bacteria that would spoil the whole batch of juice, and unripe fruit would be bitter and not yield as much juice.
Thick skinned fruits are usually halved first, others such as apples are ground, others are crushed (grapes and berries.) Fruit is often gently heated first before pressing so that even more juice will flow. Mechanical presses are used to press the juice out. A valuable by-product of pressing citrus fruit is the oil from the peel.
In Canada, New Zealand and the UK, anything labelled “pure fruit juice” must be just that — 100% juice. In Australia, to be called “pure”, it needs to have only 90% fruit juice in it. In Canada, in order to use the word juice in the name of the product, as in “fruit juice drink”, the juice content must be 25% or greater. That’s not to say that fruit drinks in Canada can’t contain less — in Canada, there is no legal minimum, as there is in other countries — they just can’t use juice in their name.
In America and Canada, unpasteurized juices must be labelled as such.
Juices made of mixed juices, as long as everything in the mixture is juice, can still be called a pure juice.
Pure fruit juice isn’t as virtuous a drink as people make it out to be: it contains a lot of sugar that, even though natural, can rot teeth. Some authorities recommend diluting it with water or carbonated water to give it to kids.
The current recommendation is to drink no more than 150 ml (5 oz) of fruit juice or smoothie a day: a small glass Safe Food. Drinks. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.safefood.net/healthy-eating/drinks . The reason is that while tasty, the juice is not as healthy as consuming the whole fruit, and once juiced, your body will essentially just treat the liquid as a form of sugar water.
“Fruit contains a naturally occurring sugar called fructose and eating whole fruit doesn’t add to your sugar intake while drinking fruit juice or smoothie does. This is because whole fruit contains fibre which helps to slow down the speed at which the fructose is absorbed into your blood stream. When fruit is blended or juiced, natural sugars are released from within the cell walls and become ‘free sugars’” Diabetes UK. Fruit juices and smoothies. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/enjoy-food/what-to-drink-with-diabetes/fruit-juices-and-smoothies Understanding Food Labels. University of Reading / European Institute of Innovation and Technology. Module 3.12. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/understanding-food-labels/1/steps/843115
1 large can frozen juice (the size that is about 340 g / 355 ml or 12 oz by weight) holds 1 ¾ cups (14 oz / 415 ml sic) of water. Useful to know for when you have to add the standard 3 cans of water to the pitcher, but you’ve botched up the cardboard can in getting it open.
A 355 ml / 12 oz by weight can of frozen Juice concentrate that calls for 3 cans of water will make approx 48 oz / 6 cups / 1.4 litres of Juice.
Juice as an everyday beverage wasn’t really possible until 1869, when a dentist in New Jersey, a Dr Thomas Welch, developed a process to pasteurize bottles of juice to stop the juice from fermenting into alcohol. Before then, you couldn’t just have juice, unless you made it and drank it right away.
Canned and bottled juices were all you could get until the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1940s, as part of the war effort, American researchers developed frozen concentrate. By the 1950s, the juice market exploded, with orange juice leading the way.
The Dutch word for juice, “sap”, is our word for liquid from a tree.
- Apple Juice
- Bug Juice
- Cranberry Juice
- Fruit Drink
- Grape Juice
- Pineapple Juice
- Pomegranate Juice
- Sparkling Juices
- Tomato Juice
- V8 Juice
- Yuzu Juice
|↑1||Safe Food. Drinks. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.safefood.net/healthy-eating/drinks|
|↑2||Diabetes UK. Fruit juices and smoothies. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/enjoy-food/what-to-drink-with-diabetes/fruit-juices-and-smoothies|
|↑3||Understanding Food Labels. University of Reading / European Institute of Innovation and Technology. Module 3.12. Accessed September 2020 at https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/understanding-food-labels/1/steps/843115|