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Fourme d'Ambert Cheese



Fourme d'Ambert Cheese is a blue cheese made in the French départements of Loire and Puy-de-Dôme, and in the Cantal region of eastern Auvergne, around Saint-Flour.

It is creamy, with a milder and less salty taste than many other blue cheeses. Some people think they detect a touch of anise in the taste; others say they taste nuts and mushrooms.

Fourme d'Ambert Cheese has a rough, greyish crust mottled with brownish-red or yellow patches. Bluish-green veins of mould forms in disconnected spots inside the cheese.

It is made in cylinder shapes (or drum-shapes, if you prefer) that are about 8 inches (19 - 20 cm) tall, and 5 inches (13 cm) wide. Each cheese weighs about 4 pounds (1.8 kg) and requires about 26 US quarts (25 litres) of milk.

The milk used is unpasteurized cow's milk from Montbéliardes cows. The milk is heated to 90 F (32 C), then curdled by the addition of calf's rennet. Penicillium glaucum bacteria is added at the same time. The curd is cut, and stirred for about an hour with the temperature not raised any further. The curd is then put into moulds, but not pressed, and allowed to drain for 24 hours. Then the moulded cheeses are salted. There are some makers who instead of salting the outsides of the moulded cheeses prefer to submerse the moulded cheese in brine; still others prefer to put the salt right in the curd mixture.

The cheese then has holes poked in it, and is aged in caves anywhere from 1 to 5 months, for an average time of 2 months. Some cheeses are sold onto cheese agers.

Fourme d'Ambert Cheese is sold in slices cut horizontally, and wrapped in foil.

Nutrition

Fat content 45 to 50%.



History Notes

Some people date Fourme d'Ambert Cheese back to the Middle Ages; more energetic souls push it back to the Druids before the arrival of the Romans.


The cheese used to be made only in the summer time in farm out buildings with straw roofs, called "Jasseries."

Cheese factories making Fourme d'Ambert Cheese existed at the start of the 1900s.

Fourme d'Ambert Cheese received its French AOC status on 9 May 1972 in partnership with Fourme de Montbrison Cheese, with the rules governing it modified in 29 December 1986.

On 24 February 2002 Fourme d'Ambert Cheese received its own separate, stand-alone AOC. The differences between Fourme de Montbrison and Fourme d'Ambert are very slight, but the Montbrison people wanted their own AOC to reflect its being made on different "terroir" ("soil.")

Language Notes

"Fourme" in French means "mould", as in the container that is used to shape the cheese. A village called "Ambert" was the centre of production for Fourme d'Ambert Cheese.

See also:

Blue Cheeses

Beenleigh Blue Cheese; Blackstick's Velvet Cheese; Bleu Bénédictin Cheese; Bleu d'Auvergne; Bleu d'Causses; Bleu de Basque; Bleu de Bresse; Bleu de Gex; Bleu de Termignon; Blue Cheese; Blue Wensleydale; Buffalo Blue Cheese; Buxton Blue Cheese; Byland Blue Cheese; Cabrales Blue Cheese; Cambozola Cheese; Canterbury Blue Cheese; Caradon Blue Cheese; Cashel Blue Cheese; Colston Bassett Stilton Cheese; Cornish Blue Cheese; Crème de Saint Agur Cheese; Danish Blue Cheese; Devon Blue Cheese; Dolcelatte; Dorset Blue Vinney; Dunsyre Blue Cheese; Ermite Cheese; Exmoor Blue Cheese; Fourme d'Ambert Cheese; Fourme de Montbrison Cheese; Gorgonzola Cheese; Guler Cheese; Harbourne Blue Cheese; Jindi Deluxe Blue Cheese; Lanark Blue Cheese; Lancashire Blue Cheese; Maytag Blue Cheese; Mrs Bells Blue Cheese; Oxford Blue Cheese; Penicillium Glaucum; Penicillium Roqueforti; Point Reyes Blue Cheese; Roaring Forties Blue Cheese; Roquefort Cheese; Saint Agur Cheese; Shropshire Blue; Somerset Blue Cheese; Stilton; Strathdon Blue Cheese; Troo Bloo You Cheese; Valdeón Cheese

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Also called:

Fromage Fourme d'Ambert (French)

Citation

Oulton, Randal. "Fourme d'Ambert Cheese." CooksInfo.com. Published 31 January 2006; revised 02 December 2007. Web. Accessed 09/19/2017. <http://www.cooksinfo.com/fourme-dambert-cheese>.

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